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マレーシア、TPPを拒否 Azizul Rahman Ismail

http://eigokiji.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2012/08/tpp-adf1.html 2012年8月 7日 (火) より

マレーシア、TPPを拒否 Azizul Rahman Ismail newsdesk@thesundaily.com 2012年8月6日 09:33pm投稿 

クアラルンプール(2012年8月6日)

マレーシアは、外国企業の医薬品の特許期間を延長することを狙った太平洋横断戦略的経済連携協定(TPP)には反対だ。

リョウ・チョンライ厚生大臣は、アメリカとマレーシアを含む11ヶ国の間で交渉されている条約は国内の医薬品産業に悪影響をもたらすだろうとと語った。

"我々は特許延長には反対です。条約によれば、ある薬品がアメリカで発売され、やがて三年後にマレーシアで発売されたとすると、特許はアメリカで発売された時点ではなく、マレーシアで発売された時から始まります" リョウ大臣は語っている。 "これは公正ではありません。"

条約は、実質的に、医療を国民が受けにくくするだろうと大臣は強調した。

リョウ大臣は、環境を対象にしたチャリティー・キャンペーン・プロジェクト、トゥルーリー・ラビング・カンパニーによるWATTS(支援を持続可能性に変えるの略)を立ち上げた後、記者団にこれを語ったもの。

TPPは、アジア太平洋地域における経済の更なる自由化を目指す多国間自由貿易条約だ。

ところが、条約は、交渉の秘密性と、外部に漏洩した条約草稿中になる、論議の的となっている多数の条項のため、批判と抗議が起きていると言われている。

漏洩情報を検討した当事者達は、国際通商法が要求するものを越える、攻撃的な知的財産権条項をアメリカが要求していると主張している。

マレーシアの主張の要点は、既存の医薬品特許が、現在の20年間という要求に加えて、更に5年から10年、あるいはそれ以上、延長されてしまうということだ。

特許延長は、ジェネリック医薬品会社が、この期間中、より買い求めやすいジェネリック医薬品を製造することができなくなることを意味する。

リョウ大臣は、企業は、国家政策に対して、政府を訴える権力を与えられるべきではないとも強調した。

条約の下で、投資家は、新たな規制が自分たちの投資に悪影響があることを理由に、政府に補償を要求することが可能なのだ。

太平洋横断戦略的経済連携協定の他の9ヶ国は、ブルネイ、チリ、シンガポール、ニュージーランド、オーストラリア、ペルー、ベトナム、メキシコとカナダだ。

マレーシアの非政府組織は、曜日のフォーラムで、TPPに関する異義を表明した。

彼らの中には、マレーシアAIDS協議会、マレーシア乳ガン福祉協会と、サード・ワールド・ネットワークがある。

リョウ大臣は、厚生省は病院のエネルギー効率を向上させ、環境によりやさしく、経済的にすべく務めていると補足した。

"マレーシアには28の総合病院があり、電気代だけでも1億1500万マレーシア・リンギット(年間)にのぼります"と大臣は言う。"特に、こうした病院や専門病院の、電球とエアコンをエネルギー効率のより良いものと交換することで、来年には少なくとも10%の節約ができるよう願っています。"

プロジェクトはクラング・ヴァレーで始まり、年末までに、3%の節約が実現できると期待されていると大臣は説明した。



記事原文

Malaysia says no to TPP  Posted on 6 August 2012 - 09:33pm Last updated on 7 August 2012 - 08:38am Azizul Rahman Ismail
http://www.thesundaily.my/news/456642

Malaysia says no to TPP
https://billtotten.wordpress.com/2012/08/23/malaysia-says-no-to-tpp/

参考

Accolades for Malaysian Health Minister's remarks re TPP
http://www.twnside.org.sg/title2/FTAs/info.service/2012/fta.info.234.htm


CAP Lauds Health Minister Liow Tiong Lai for Statement on TPPA Online Publication Date: 15 August 2012
http://www.ftamalaysia.org/article.php?aid=296

Malaysia Health Minister Says TPP Is No Good By Zach Walton · August 9, 2012
http://www.webpronews.com/malaysia-health-minister-says-tpp-is-no-good-2012-08

Malaysia and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) By Nile Bowie Global Research, September 12, 2012
http://www.globalresearch.ca/malaysia-and-the-trans-pacific-partnership-agreement-tpp/5304213?print=1


以下訳者コメントの一部

日本の大本営広報部、TPPの実態は一切報道せず、ひたすら、早く参加しろという恫喝ばかり。バスの行き先を確かめずに、乗る馬鹿がどこにいるだろう。

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原発の放射能同様、外国との条約による呪縛は、孫子の代よりはるかに長く、祟り続けるだろう。

メダルなどなくとも人は生きられる。現に生きている。しかし、とんでもない条約で、文化を窒息させられては、人は生きられまい。

TPPの実態を全く伝えようとしない大本営広報部、ほとんど、おれおれ詐欺以下の人々としか思えない。犯罪人と呼んでも間違いではないだろう。


以下は元記事


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Malaysia Says No To The Trans-Pacific Partnership. Meanwhile, The Agreement Causes Political Conflict In Australia
August 17, 2012 by Yonah
Filed under: Announcements & Events, Entertainment Industry, Legal P2P News & Issues
http://www.p2pon.com/2012/08/17/malaysia-says-no-to-the-trans-pacific-partnership-meanwhile-the-agreement-causes-political-conflict-in-australia/

After TPP’s limitations and exceptions were leaked just a while ago, the Australian government is harshly criticized by the opposition parties. In addition, Malaysia is already considering saying “no” to the agreement.

The TPP is an agreement which would allow corporations to be above any country’s law, as long as their HQs is situated outside the country, monopolize the internet through a regime such as the “three-strikes system”, impose further restrictions to the consumer, and much more.

As such, we find out from The Sun Daily that Malaysia is clearly against this agreement:

Malaysia is against the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) which seeks to extend the patent periods of medicines by foreign companies.

Health Minister Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai said the agreement, which is being negotiated among eleven countries including the US and Malaysia, would be detrimental to the local medical industry.

“We are against the patent extension. According to the agreement, if a medicine is launched in the US, and then three years later it is launched in Malaysia, the patent would start from when it is launched here and not when it was launched earlier in the US,” said Liow. “This is not fair.”

He stressed that the agreement would in effect make healthcare less affordable to the public.

But Malaysia is not the first to raise a voice against TPP. Australia’s Green Party is also pressing the country’s government on the issues raised by the Trans-Pacific Partnership. From Computerworld we found out that:

Greens Senator Scott Ludlam has slammed the federal government for continuing to pursue the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which is currently undergoing negotiation.

[...]
Ludlam stated the Federal Government is “hell-bent” on locking Australia into a dead-end copyright treaty.

“The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, if the USA gets its way, will cause huge problems for Australians, but our Federal Government is backing Washington to the hilt,” he said in a statement.

“Not content with supporting the ill-fated Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement [ACTA], which would endanger the legal status of generic medicines and was overwhelmingly rejected by the European Parliament, the trade minister is now pushing for an Agreement that offers no protection for copyright exceptions enshrined in Australian law.

“ACTA was an absolute dud, and the Government wanted to jump on board before the Australian Law Reform Commission’s inquiry had even warmed up.”

Meanwhile, the Australian government replied, as seen in a report from ITNews:

a spokeswoman for the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) argued that Australia’s support for copyright limitations and exceptions was consistent with “existing international obligations”.

While not denying the substance of the leaks, she said the discussion on limitations and exceptions were still under negotiation. Revised text on copyright limitations and exceptions has been tabled as recently as the last round, in July 2012.

The spokeswoman said Australia would not accept an outcome in the TPP that reduced its ability to enact copyright limitations and exceptions under Australian domestic law.

“Australia’s positions in the intellectual property chapter have been, and continue to be, informed by a wide range of relevant stakeholder views and perspectives,” she said.

The Attorney-General’s Department has undertaken a review on the technological protection measures available to Australians to bypass copyright measures, such as removing region coding on DVDs.

In other words, the Australian government is not only trying to justify the agreement, but is also planning a thorough cost-benefit analysis to somehow prove that the agreement is in everyone’s benefit. However, Australia’s Pirate Party argued back in May that the TPP has no economic benefits whatsoever. Even more hilarious (in a grim sort of way) is that the country has been negotiating for years over this agreement and pretty much signed up for it, but only now they consider a report on how the TPP would actually change things.

Japan, a country that looked interested in the TPP is also having trouble with chewing TPP’s provisions. From Yomiuri we find that:

Amid prolonged political turmoil, it has become nearly impossible for Japan to join talks on the Trans-Pacific Partnership free trade accord before the end of this year.

To take part in the round of TPP negotiations scheduled for early December–the last for this year–the government and ruling parties must reach a consensus by the end of August, as it will take 90 days for the U.S. Congress to approve Japan’s entry.

[...]

The government had planned to make quick preparations for joining the TPP talks by coordinating opinions among relevant bodies after enacting bills on the integrated reform of the social security and tax systems. An official announcement regarding Japan’s participation had been planned for a meeting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum scheduled for September or another occasion.

However, at Wednesday’s meeting between Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda and main opposition leaders–Liberal Democratic Party President Sadakazu Tanigaki and New Komeito leader Natsuo Yamaguchi–Noda referred to an early dissolution of the House of Representatives.

Many within the ruling Democratic Party of Japan remain cautious regarding the TPP issue. If the government pushes ahead with the talks, more lawmakers may leave the ruling parties in addition to those who left to oppose the integrated reform bills.

Could it be that the Trans-Pacific Partnership will soon share the fate of ACTA and, once more, bring the interested entities’ dreams back in the dirt where they belong? We certainly hope so!

by oninomae | 2012-08-08 22:05 | 政治詐欺・政治紛争  

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